Rightly or wrongly, overtaking is usually utilized by followers because the measure of an excellent grand prix. Extra overtaking means extra motion and subsequently extra pleasure, proper?
Not essentially. Who may argue that watching Daniel Ricciardo cling on to win the Monaco Grand Prix in 2018 regardless of shedding a bit of energy wasn’t compelling? The identical could possibly be stated of Lewis Hamilton’s victory in the principality 12 months later, lengthy after he’d radioed in to say his tyres have been lifeless.
Generally defence may be simply entertaining as assault. It’s why Fernando Alonso’s battle with Michael Schumacher at the 2005 San Marino Grand Prix is the stuff of legend.
Even so, there’s nothing worse in F1 than a race the place the order barely modifications in any respect. It’s why DRS (Drag Discount System) was launched in 2011, which instantly led to file ranges of overtaking and essentially the most overtakes of any grand prix in historical past within the fourth race of the season.
Many consider DRS makes things too easy, and new guidelines coming in 2022 are designed to make it simpler for automobiles to comply with one another by decreasing the quantity of turbulent air of their wake. McLaren’s technical director James Key believes DRS will become “less influential” because of the modifications.
George Russell, Williams FW43 overtakes Romain Grosjean, Haas VF-20 whislt he overtakes
Photograph by: Mark Sutton / Motorsport Images
What’s an overtake?
You may assume an overtake is any event when one automobile passes one other, however that’s not the definition used for analysing knowledge. Firstly, an overtake has to happen on a flying lap, which implies first-lap strikes technically don’t depend.
Secondly, any overtake should then be maintained all the way in which to the end line on that lap, so if for instance one automobile will get by one other solely to be instantly re-passed, that quantities to zero overtakes quite than two.
An overtake needs to be for place, so lapping a backmarker or unlapping one of many frontrunners doesn’t depend. And it additionally has to occur on monitor, which means place modifications as the results of pitstops aren’t actual overtakes both.
The explanation for all that is that it makes it simpler to look again and examine what occurred in outdated races by learning lap charts, which log the working order each time automobiles full a lap. So you possibly can inform when an overtake for a place has occurred simply by trying on the order of the sphere at any level throughout a race.
Daniel Ricciardo, Purple Bull Racing RB12 leads
Photograph by: Purple Bull Content material Pool
Most overtakes in a dry race – 161, 2016 Chinese language Grand Prix
Unofficially, the 2016 Chinese language Grand Prix noticed essentially the most overtakes of any dry race, with 161 passes for place as Nico Rosberg took the chequered flag for Mercedes. A part of the explanation the determine was that prime is that a number of of the quickest automobiles ended up close to the again of the grid: Lewis Hamilton began on the rear after an MGU-H failure in qualifying, Kimi Raikkonen was pressured to pit early for a brand new entrance wing after a collision which additionally pushed his Ferrari team-mate Sebastian Vettel down the order, and Daniel Ricciardo suffered a puncture whereas main for Purple Bull, finally falling to 17th place.
It additionally helped that each one 22 automobiles reached the end, one in every of solely a handful of grands prix within the historical past of F1 which have ended with no retirements in anyway. The truth that everybody made it to the tip boosted the variety of overtakes that have been there to be made.
The earlier file holder is regarded as the Turkish Grand Prix in 2011, which noticed 79 overtakes throughout the 58-lap race. This was simply the fourth grand prix following the introduction of DRS, the overtaking support that offers automobiles a velocity increase by opening a flap on the rear wing.
Fernando Alonso, Ferrari F2012, leads Sebastian Vettel, Purple Bull RB8 Renault
Photograph by: Andrew Ferraro / Motorsport Images
Most overtakes in a moist race – 147, 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix
In line with tyre provider Pirelli there have been 147 overtakes at the 2012 season finale at the Brazilian Grand Prix, essentially the most of any rain-affected race. The circumstances made the grand prix at Interlagos one of the vital thrilling ever climaxes to a season, as championship chief Sebastian Vettel was spun round within the first lap and compelled into an epic fightback to beat Ferrari’s Fernando Alonso to the title. With the Spaniard ending second behind McLaren’s Jenson Button, sixth place was sufficient handy Vettel his third consecutive crown, topping the standings by simply three factors.
The race was additionally notable for being the primary to be led by Pressure India’s Nico Hulkenberg, who took the lead from Button on lap 18 and relinquished it to Lewis Hamilton 30 laps later after a spin. On lap 54 the pair collided in Flip 1, taking each out of rivalry for the win.
With a grandstand end in sight, Paul di Resta’s crash three laps from the end noticed the race and championship battle end behind the protection automobile.
Jackie Stewart, BRM P261, leads Jim Clark, Lotus 33-Climax on the 1965 Italian Grand Prix
Photograph by: Motorsport Images
Most overtakes for lead – 41, 1965 Italian Grand Prix
The 1965 Italian Grand Prix at Monza is believed to have seen essentially the most overtakes for the lead of any F1 championship race in historical past, with first place altering arms a whopping 41 instances over the 76-lap occasion. 4 British drivers – Jackie Stewart, Graham Hill, Jim Clark and John Surtees – all traded the lead for BRM, Lotus and Ferrari respectively largely because of the highly effective impact of slipstreaming on the high-speed circuit.
Finally Stewart prevailed, simply over three seconds forward of BRM team-mate Hill. Clark and Surtees each retired with mechanical points.
The beginning of the race with solely six automobiles
Photograph by: Steve Swope / Motorsport Images
Fewest overtakes in a race – zero, 2003 Monaco Grand Prix, 2005 US Grand Prix, 2009 European Grand Prix
Since 1950 there have solely been three races which have featured no overtakes in anyway. All three got here in a interval of six years, bookended by the Monaco Grand Prix in 2003 and the European Grand Prix in Valencia in 2009.
The 2005 US Grand Prix at Indianapolis is notorious for less than having six automobiles contest the race. Your entire area bar Ferrari, Jordan and Minardi withdrew from the race on the finish of the formation lap after a political fallout brought on by a collection of Michelin tyre failures in apply. Unable to ensure the drivers’ security or discover a compromise with the groups working Bridgestone tyres, the Michelin groups selected to not contest the race, a lot to the fury of the hundreds of followers in attendance.
The Russian Grand Prix got here near repeating the feat in 2017: as Valtteri Bottas won the first F1 race of his career, the followers have been handled to only a single overtake over the 52-lap occasion.
Max Verstappen, Purple Bull Racing, 1st Place, celebrates on the rostrum
Photograph by: Glenn Dunbar / Motorsport Images
Most overtakes by a single driver in a season – 78, Max Verstappen (2016)
2016 was an enormous yr for Max Verstappen: promoted from Toro Rosso to Purple Bull early within the season, the Dutch driver received the Spanish Grand Prix on his debut after Mercedes team-mates Nico Rosberg and Lewis Hamilton took one another out on the opening lap. Verstappen – who was nonetheless solely 18 on the time – drove like a seasoned professional to fend off Kimi Raikkonen on a two-stop technique.
In line with knowledge compiled by Pirelli on the finish of the season, Verstappen amassed 78 overtakes over the 21-race calendar; 18 for Toro Rosso and 60 for Purple Bull, averaging three.7 per race. In the meantime team-mate Daniel Ricciardo managed 61 overtakes, which might have been an all-time file in itself had it not been for the teenage sensation.
Sebastian Vettel (2012), Michael Schumacher (2003) and Niki Lauda (1984) shared the file with 60 overtakes in a single season previous to 2016, whereas Felipe Massa and Mark Webber fell simply quick on 59 in 2013. Jean Eric-Vergne managed 58 in 2012 and Sergio Perez registered 56 in 2016, matching Kimi Raikkonen’s tally of 56 in 2013.
Sebastian Vettel, Purple Bull Racing RB8, leads initially of the race on the 2012 Japanese GP
Photograph by: Motorsport Images
Most overtakes in a single season – 870 (2012)
It wasn’t simply Max Verstappen who was out to make strikes stick in 2016. Your entire grid mixed for a grand complete of 866 overtakes throughout the 21-race marketing campaign, greater than some other yr in F1 bar one.
However the outright file belongs to the 2012 season, which noticed 870 overtakes accomplished at a mean of 43.5 per grand prix over the 20-race calendar. That’s barely greater than the 43.2 common of 2011, when DRS was used for the primary time.
The overtaking common in F1 fell noticeably in 1994 when refuelling was reintroduced, with the 18.1 overtakes per race properly down on the 24.5 that had been seen the yr earlier than. The common hovered across the low- to mid-teens till the refuelling was banned for the beginning of the 2010 season, during which the typical instantly climbed from 13.2 overtakes per race in 2009 to 23.eight in 2010.