F1's dash qualifying: How does it work and when is it occurring? - Motor Informed
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F1’s dash qualifying: How does it work and when is it occurring?

What’s a dash race and why are they coming to F1?

A dash race is basically a shortened model of a standard race, happening over a shorter distance. They’re utilized in many different sequence, although maybe most notably for Components 1 is their inclusion within the Components 2 race weekend. In F2 the dash race is 120km and the characteristic race covers 170km, although are often no much less thrilling.

The 2017 Bahrain F2 spherical was one instance of this. Now-Ferrari driver Charles Leclerc opted to pit through the dash race – pitting being optionally available and a little-used tactic in dash races – popping out of the pits in 14th place with eight laps to go. Over the remaining laps he charged to the entrance of the sphere, taking the win and creating some of the thrilling dash races within the course of.

The explanation they’re coming to Components 1 is to ramp up the thrill of the entire race weekend. With followers now having a spotlight on every of the three days (with both qualifying or a race), it ought to make for an general higher expertise. F1 has lengthy been seeking to make adjustments to the normal race weekend format and whereas different choices like reverse grid races have been thought of, they have been in the end unfancied in comparison with dash races.

Sergio Perez, Red Bull Racing RB16B

Sergio Perez, Crimson Bull Racing RB16B

Picture by: Glenn Dunbar / Motorsport Images

What’s the dash race weekend format?

Weekends with dash races could have totally different timetables to regular race weekends. Friday adjustments imply that the new-for-2021 format of two one-hour free follow periods – diminished from two 90-minute session used final 12 months – will swap to only a single one-hour follow session adopted by the ‘conventional’ three-part qualifying knockout format.

On Saturday the acquainted one-hour remaining follow session stays in place within the morning, however qualifying is changed by a dash race. Sunday stays the identical although, with simply the F1 grand prix within the afternoon (or night if it’s a evening race).

The dash races themselves can be run over 100km, with the full-length races staying at 305km or 260km for Monaco. There can be no obligatory pitstops, although drivers will be capable of enter the pits ought to they wish to.

The dash race weekend format can be:

  • Friday morning – 60-minute Free Follow 1
  • Friday afternoon – Q1, Q2, Q3 periods to order the beginning grid for the dash race qualifying
  • Saturday morning – 60-minute Free Follow 2
  • Saturday afternoon – 100km dash race qualifying
  • Sunday – Full grand prix race

Guidelines round tyres are additionally altering. In Friday’s first follow every driver can solely use two units of tyres, whereas the Friday qualifying session will present drivers with 5 comfortable tyres units. After that groups will use these choices for tyres for the rest of the weekend:

  • One set of tyres for Saturday’s follow session – groups determine which compound
  • One set for the dash race – groups determine which compound
  • Two remaining units of tyres for the grand prix, with groups ready to decide on which compound to start out on

Within the occasion of moist situations:

Three units of moist tyres and 4 units of intermediate tyres can be out there at the beginning of the occasion. If FP1 or qualifying is moist, groups will obtain a further set of intermediates however should return a used intermediate set previous to the dash race. If the dash qualifying is moist, groups might return one set of used moist or intermediates after – which can then get replaced with a brand new set of intermediates. There can be a most of 9 units of wets and intermediates in complete.

Lance Stroll, Aston Martin AMR21, on the grid

Lance Stroll, Aston Martin AMR21, on the grid

Picture by: Zak Mauger / Motorsport Images

What number of dash races will occur?

At present there are three dash races deliberate for the 2021 season, the primary of which is scheduled to happen through the British Grand Prix at Silverstone on Saturday 17 July, 2021. Whereas the second and third dash race venues haven’t been introduced but, the understanding is that there will be two sprint races in Europe and one at a flyaway event. With Silverstone confirmed as one of many European races, it’s thought that the Italian Grand Prix weekend in September will host the opposite European dash race. The third dash race has been rumoured to be the Brazilian Grand Prix in November.

Will drivers and groups rating factors for the dash races?

Factors can be awarded for the dash race, however solely to the highest three finishers. First place scores three factors, second place scores two factors, and third place scores one level. Not like the full-length race on Sunday there can be no podiums for dash races, nonetheless the winner will obtain a trophy in parc ferme (much like how the polesitter will get a miniature Pirelli tyre for qualifying first).

What is going to occur if a driver doesn’t end a dash race?

Whereas there aren’t any clear solutions to this till the FIA publishes the total sporting rules on the dash race qualifying, one assumption can be that a driver who doesn’t end the dash race must begin the grand prix within the place they might be ordered in for the ultimate classification of the dash race. For instance, if a driver fails to complete the race and so they have been the primary one to retire or didn’t begin the dash race, they might begin Sunday’s grand prix from the again of the grid (a lot in the identical means that a driver who crashes out of qualifying would begin from the again of the grid).

Lando Norris, McLaren MCL35M, makes a pit stop

Lando Norris, McLaren MCL35M, makes a pit cease

Picture by: Glenn Dunbar / Motorsport Images

What occurs if a automotive will get broken?

To offset the price of dash races a bundle value round $500,00zero for the three occasions has been agreed with groups. Along with this fee there’s additionally a compensation scheme for groups that suffer harm throughout dash race qualifying, which ought to be sure that a driver who damages their automotive on Saturday ought to nonetheless be capable of proceed on Sunday (a lot as they might in the event that they crashed out of qualifying on a standard race weekend). Exterior of the financial facet, if a automotive suffers harm throughout a dash race then groups must substitute the damaged components with like-for-like components. It is because the automobiles enter parc ferme situations – the purpose at which main adjustments can not be made – once they enter qualifying on Friday.

Will dash races be used sooner or later in F1?

It’s unclear whether or not dash races can be continued past the three deliberate for the 2021 season. If the races are successful then they might be continued into the 2022 season and past, although F1 doesn’t intent to run them at each race. Nonetheless there’s an opportunity that, if drivers, groups or followers don’t get pleasure from the brand new format, dash races may very well be dropped. Throughout the 2016 F1 season, for instance, the controversial “elimination qualifying” format – during which each 90 seconds of qualifying the slowest automotive was eradicated – was dropped after two rounds following a backlash from drivers, groups and followers.

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